IGNOU IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24


IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24

IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24, FREE IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24, FREE IBO 06 International Business Finance Assignment PDF, How to get IBO 06 Solved Assignment for Free, We are providing IGNOU IBO 06 International Business Finance Solved Assignment all over India.

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Course Code: IBO 06

Assignment Code: IBO 06 ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. What do you understand by International monetary system. Discuss the need of IMF in international business with suitable examples. Briefly explain the evolution of international monetary system.

The international monetary system refers to the framework of rules, institutions, and agreements that govern international financial transactions and interactions among countries. It encompasses mechanisms for exchange rate determination, capital flows, monetary policy coordination, and crisis management. A stable and efficient international monetary system is essential for facilitating global trade, investment, and economic growth.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) plays a crucial role in the international monetary system. It was established in 1944 during the Bretton Woods Conference to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange rate stability, balanced growth of international trade, and financial stability. The IMF provides member countries with financial assistance, technical expertise, and policy advice to address balance of payments problems and macroeconomic imbalances. It also serves as a forum for multilateral dialogue and coordination on economic policies.

The need for the IMF in international business can be illustrated through various examples:

Financial Crises: During times of financial crises, such as the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997 or the Global Financial Crisis of 2008, countries often face severe balance of payments problems, currency crises, and liquidity shortages. The IMF steps in to provide emergency financial assistance and policy advice to stabilize economies, restore investor confidence, and prevent contagion effects.

Exchange Rate Stability: In a world of floating exchange rates, volatile currency fluctuations can disrupt international trade and investment flows, leading to uncertainty and risk for businesses. The IMF works to promote exchange rate stability through surveillance, policy coordination, and intervention when necessary, helping to maintain a conducive environment for international business transactions.

Debt Restructuring: In cases where countries experience unsustainable debt burdens, the IMF facilitates debt restructuring negotiations between debtor countries and creditors, aiming to achieve a sustainable solution that minimizes disruptions to international business activities and preserves financial stability.

The evolution of the international monetary system can be summarized into several key phases:

Gold Standard (Pre-World War I): In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many countries adhered to the gold standard, where the value of national currencies was directly linked to gold reserves. This system provided stability but limited monetary policy flexibility.

Interwar Period: Following World War I, the gold standard collapsed, leading to a period of economic instability and competitive devaluations. Attempts to restore the gold standard proved unsuccessful, and countries experimented with alternative exchange rate regimes.

Bretton Woods System (1944-1971): In response to the economic turmoil of the interwar period, the Bretton Woods Conference established the IMF and the World Bank, and it laid the foundation for a new international monetary system. Under the Bretton Woods system, currencies were pegged to the U.S. dollar, which was convertible to gold at a fixed rate. This system provided stability and facilitated post-war reconstruction and economic growth.

Transition to Flexible Exchange Rates (1970s): The Bretton Woods system came under pressure in the 1960s due to imbalances in the U.S. balance of payments and excessive dollar liquidity. In 1971, President Nixon suspended the dollar's convertibility to gold, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system and ushering in an era of floating exchange rates.

Modern Era (1970s-present): Since the transition to flexible exchange rates, the international monetary system has been characterized by a mixture of floating exchange rates, managed floats, and currency pegs. The IMF plays a central role in promoting exchange rate stability, financial stability, and economic cooperation in this more fluid and complex environment. Recent challenges include globalization, financial liberalization, and the rise of emerging market economies.

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In conclusion, the international monetary system is essential for facilitating global economic interactions, and the IMF plays a critical role in ensuring its stability and functioning. Through its financial assistance, policy advice, and surveillance activities, the IMF helps to mitigate risks, promote cooperation, and maintain confidence in the international financial system, thereby supporting international business activities and economic development.

Q2. a) What are currency risks? Explain the types of currency risks and how to manage such risks.

b) How do various derivative instruments used to manage systemic or market risk?

Q3. Comment on the following:

a) The syndicated lending process has emerged as one of the least popular and notable financing instruments in the international financial markets.

b) Project financing is a relatively new method of financing projects and facilities by labor-intensive industries.

c) Exchange rate is an absolute price of currencies in the foreign exchange market.

d) Future contracts and forward contracts have no dissimilarity.

Q4. Distinguish between the following:

a) Unilateral adjustments and Bilateral adjustments

b) Commercial risks and Country risks

c) Foreign bonds and Foreign equity

d) Gold standard and Gold exchange standard

Q5. Write short notes on the following:

a) Clearing House Interbank Payment System (CHIPS)

b) Sources of external funds

c) Assessment of political risk

d) Float management

IBO 06 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2023-24 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2023-24 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the IBO 06 Assignments

IBO 06 International Business Finance Assignment 2023-24 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment IBO 06023-24

IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

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IBO 06 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

IBO 06 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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