Write a brief note on the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

 Q. Write a brief note on the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

Write a brief note on the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), translating to the "Common Man's Party," is a prominent political entity in India that emerged in the early 21st century. Founded on November 26, 2012, the party has quickly risen to prominence, especially in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, where it secured a historic victory in the 2015 legislative assembly elections. AAP has since expanded its footprint and contested elections in various states across the country.

Founding and Ideology:

The Aam Aadmi Party was founded by Arvind Kejriwal, a former civil servant, and several other social activists, including Prashant Bhushan, Kumar Vishwas, and Yogendra Yadav. The party emerged from the India Against Corruption movement, a series of protests and campaigns against corruption that gained momentum in 2011. Arvind Kejriwal, who played a pivotal role in the movement, decided to translate the anti-corruption sentiment into a political movement by forming the AAP.

The party's ideology is rooted in anti-corruption, transparency, and participatory governance. It positions itself as a party that represents the common man, advocating for the rights and welfare of the average citizen. The AAP emphasizes the need for clean politics and a departure from traditional political practices marred by corruption and inefficiency.

Electoral Success in Delhi:

The Aam Aadmi Party achieved significant success in its political debut during the Delhi Legislative Assembly elections in 2013. Although it did not secure a majority, AAP won 28 out of 70 seats, making a remarkable impact and forming a minority government with external support from the Indian National Congress. However, the government's tenure was short-lived, lasting only 49 days, as Arvind Kejriwal resigned over the failure to pass the Jan Lokpal Bill, a key anti-corruption legislation.

In the 2015 Delhi elections, AAP secured a landslide victory, winning 67 out of 70 seats. This resounding mandate reflected the public's endorsement of AAP's governance model and its commitment to anti-corruption measures. Arvind Kejriwal took office as the Chief Minister of Delhi, and the party's success drew attention not only nationally but also internationally.

Policy Initiatives and Governance:

One of AAP's notable policy initiatives in Delhi has been its focus on education and healthcare. The Delhi government, under AAP, allocated a significant portion of its budget to improve the quality of government schools and healthcare facilities. The Mohalla Clinics, a community-based healthcare model, gained praise for providing accessible and affordable healthcare services to the public.

The party has also emphasized infrastructure development, with a focus on improving public transportation, water supply, and sanitation. The introduction of the odd-even vehicle rationing scheme to combat air pollution and congestion in Delhi showcased the party's commitment to addressing environmental concerns.

Challenges and Controversies:

While the Aam Aadmi Party gained popularity for its anti-corruption stance and pro-people policies, it faced challenges and controversies. Internal conflicts within the party led to the expulsion of founding members Prashant Bhushan and Yogendra Yadav in 2015, raising questions about the party's internal democracy.

Critics have accused the AAP of engaging in confrontational politics and using protests as a tool to gain attention. The occasional clashes with the central government and the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi have fueled perceptions of AAP as a party that thrives on conflict.

National Expansion and Challenges:

Buoyed by its success in Delhi, the Aam Aadmi Party expanded its political reach and contested elections in various states. While it faced challenges in some regions, it managed to make inroads in states like Punjab, where it won a significant number of seats in the 2017 Assembly elections.

However, the party also faced setbacks in other states, such as Goa and Haryana, where it struggled to establish a strong political presence. National elections posed a more significant challenge, as AAP aimed to position itself as a viable alternative on the national stage.

Election Results and Future Prospects:

In the 2019 general elections, the Aam Aadmi Party contested in multiple constituencies but did not achieve significant success at the national level. The party won one seat in Punjab, while in Delhi, it faced a setback, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) securing a decisive victory in all seven constituencies.

The 2020 Delhi Legislative Assembly elections, however, saw a remarkable comeback for AAP. The party secured 62 out of 70 seats, reaffirming its popularity in the capital. Arvind Kejriwal retained his position as the Chief Minister, and the resounding victory strengthened AAP's position as a significant political force in Indian politics.


The Aam Aadmi Party's journey from an anti-corruption movement to a prominent political entity is emblematic of the evolving political landscape in India. Its success in Delhi and subsequent victories have established AAP as a key player in state politics, particularly in issues related to governance, education, and healthcare. However, the party continues to face challenges, both internally and externally, as it seeks to expand its influence beyond Delhi.

As AAP navigates the complex terrain of Indian politics, its ability to maintain its anti-corruption image, address internal dissent, and effectively communicate its policies to a diverse electorate will shape its future trajectory. The Aam Aadmi Party's commitment to participatory governance and focus on issues affecting the common man positions it as a unique player in Indian politics, and its evolution will undoubtedly be closely watched in the years to come.



Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.