What is the process of strategic management

What is the process of strategic management

Strategic management is a comprehensive and iterative process that organizations undertake to formulate and implement strategies that align with their goals and objectives. This complex process consists of multiple interrelated phases, each of which adds to the overall efficacy of strategic planning and implementation.

What is the process of strategic management

The first phase of strategic management is strategic analysis. This involves a thorough examination of both the internal and external environments in which the organization operates. Using instruments like SWOT analysis, the firm evaluates its internal strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. PESTEL analysis is a technique used to examine external factors, including competitive dynamics, technical developments, economic trends, and regulatory changes. Understanding the organization's existing situation, as well as the chances and difficulties it faces, is made easier with the help of this stage.

What is the process of strategic management-Following strategic analysis, organizations move on to strategy formulation. In this stage, based on the insights gained from the analysis, the organization sets its strategic direction. This involves defining the mission, vision, and goals, and formulating strategies to achieve them. Various strategic models, such as Porter's Generic Strategies or Ansoff's Matrix, may be employed to guide the development of competitive advantage and growth strategies. The goal is to create a comprehensive plan that leverages the organization's strengths to exploit opportunities and mitigate weaknesses and threats.

Once the strategy is formulated, the next step is strategy implementation. This is a critical phase where the formulated plans are put into action. It involves aligning the organization's structure, processes, and resources with the chosen strategy. This may necessitate changes in the organizational structure, the introduction of new technologies, adjustments to the workforce, and the reallocation of financial resources. Effective communication and leadership are crucial during this phase to ensure that everyone in the organization understands the strategy and their role in its execution.

Simultaneously with implementation, organizations need to establish a system for monitoring and controlling the strategic initiatives. This involves setting performance metrics, developing key performance indicators (KPIs), and implementing regular performance reviews. By continuously monitoring progress, organizations can identify any deviations from the plan and take corrective actions promptly. This adaptability is crucial in today's dynamic business environment, where changes can occur rapidly, requiring organizations to be agile and responsive to stay competitive.

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What is the process of strategic management-Feedback loops are integral to the strategic management process. As the organization implements its strategy and monitors performance, feedback is gathered from various sources, both internal and external. This feedback is then used to reassess the strategy and make necessary adjustments. This iterative nature of strategic management acknowledges that the business environment is constantly evolving, and strategies need to be flexible enough to adapt to changes.

In addition to the ongoing feedback loop, strategic management also involves periodic strategic reviews and updates. This ensures that the organization's strategy remains relevant and effective in light of changing internal and external factors. The frequency of these reviews may vary depending on the industry, the pace of change, and the organization's specific circumstances.

What is the process of strategic management-Strategic management also involves risk management. Organizations need to identify and assess potential risks associated with their strategies and develop plans to mitigate these risks. This proactive approach helps organizations navigate uncertainties and challenges more effectively, reducing the likelihood of unexpected disruptions derailing the strategic initiatives.

Another crucial aspect of strategic management is innovation. As organizations implement their strategies, they need to remain innovative to stay ahead of the competition. This involves fostering a culture of continuous improvement and encouraging creativity and experimentation. Innovation can take various forms, including technological advancements, process improvements, or the development of new products and services.

Furthermore, strategic management recognizes the importance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and ethical considerations. Organizations are increasingly expected to operate in a socially and environmentally responsible manner. Integrating CSR into the strategic management process ensures that the organization's strategies align with ethical standards and contribute to sustainable and responsible business practices.


Strategic management is a vital and continuous process that allows organizations to navigate the complexities of their environments, make informed decisions, and stay competitive in dynamic markets. From the initial stages of strategic analysis and formulation to the implementation, monitoring, and adaptation phases, each step is integral to the overall success of an organization. 

The iterative nature of strategic management acknowledges the ever-changing business landscape, requiring organizations to be flexible, adaptive, and innovative. By incorporating feedback loops, regular reviews, risk management, and a commitment to ethical considerations, strategic management provides a robust framework for sustained success and growth. 

Embracing strategic management not only helps organizations achieve their goals but also enables them to contribute positively to society through responsible and ethical business practices.


1. Why is strategic management important for organizations?

Strategic management is crucial for organizations because it provides a systematic approach to decision-making that aligns actions with long-term goals. It helps organizations navigate uncertainties, adapt to changes in the business environment, and stay competitive. By analyzing internal and external factors, formulating effective strategies, and implementing them with agility, strategic management enhances an organization's ability to achieve sustained success.

2. How often should organizations conduct strategic reviews?

The frequency of strategic reviews depends on various factors, including the industry, the pace of change, and the organization's specific circumstances. However, organizations typically conduct strategic reviews annually, with more frequent assessments if the business environment is rapidly evolving. Regular reviews ensure that the organization's strategy remains relevant and responsive to emerging opportunities and challenges.

3. How does strategic management address risk?

Strategic management includes risk management as a key component. Organizations identify potential risks associated with their strategies during the planning phase and develop mitigation plans. This proactive approach helps organizations anticipate and address challenges, reducing the likelihood of unexpected disruptions. Regular monitoring and adaptation throughout the strategic management process also allow organizations to adjust strategies in response to changing risk landscapes.

4. How does innovation fit into the strategic management process?

Innovation is a fundamental aspect of strategic management. Organizations need to foster a culture of continuous improvement and creativity to stay ahead of the competition. Whether through technological advancements, process improvements, or the development of new products and services, innovation allows organizations to adapt to changing market demands and maintain a competitive edge.

5. What role does corporate social responsibility (CSR) play in strategic management?

Corporate social responsibility is increasingly integrated into the strategic management process. Organizations are expected to operate ethically and contribute positively to society. Strategic management ensures that CSR considerations are embedded in an organization's strategies, aligning business objectives with responsible and sustainable practices. This not only enhances the organization's reputation but also reflects a commitment to social and environmental stewardship.



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