Indigo Summary and Important Questions for class 12th

Indigo Summary and Important Questions for class 12th

Indigo is written by Louis Fischer’s in this discuss The Life of Mahatma Gandhi. The author describes how Gandhi handled a specific event involving sharecroppers who grew indigo in the Champaran area of Bihar. Rajkumar Shukla, a Champaran villager who is illiterate, approaches Gandhi for assistance. In this district, sharecroppers were being mercilessly taken advantage of by British landowners. A small occurrence gives rise to a protracted struggle against the British government in order to ultimately free the suffering peasants and give them the bravery to stand up for their rights.

Indigo Summary and Important Questions

Indigo Summary

In 1916, when this incident takes place, Gandhi offers assistance to a group of underprivileged Champaran peasants. It describes his battles for bringing people equality and justice. Consequently, it starts with the majority of Champaran's arable land, which splits into a sizable estate. Indian tenants work for the estate, which is owned by Englishmen. We find out that Indigo is the main commercial crop grown here. Additionally, we observe that the landlords require each renter to grow 15% of their own Indigo and to pay rent on the full yield. Tenants have a long-term lease that requires them to do this.

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Indigo Summary Summary and Important Questions-However, Germany starts developing synthetic Indigo. Thus, the British do not require the Indigo crop any more. Thus, in order to release the poor peasant from their agreement of 15%, they start demanding compensation. While some of the uneducated peasants agreed on this, the other did not agree. Thus, we notice that one of the sharecroppers, Raj Kumar Shukla arranges for a meeting with Gandhi.

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    Indigo Summary Summary and Important Questions-He requests Gandhi come to the location in order to put an end to the long-standing injustice, and they meet over the same concerns. Gandhi accepts and travels by rail to the Bihar city of Patna. Next, Raj Kumar Shukla accompanies Gandhi to the home of lawyer Rajendra Prasad. Gandhi's simple clothing gave the staff the impression that he was an impoverished villager. Gandhi therefore made plans before attempting to obtain justice for the peasants. The reason for this is that the British government penalizes anyone who maintains national leaders or demonstrators.

    Characters of Indigo

    Mahatma Gandhi: The "Indigo points the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in bringing about justice for marginalized people by persuading reasoning and compromise. According to popular belief, Gandhiji was a man of moral principles who favored nonviolent protests and demonstrations. He is shown as someone who stood up for what he believed in and was prepared to go to tremendous lengths to accomplish his aims. 

    Gandhiji possessed a powerful magnetic aura and persuasive abilities. He had the ability to attract individuals from every level of society and turn them into allies in the freedom movement. It also emphasises his understanding of legal procedure and regard for the law. One gets to know about his humble lifestyle and rejection of materialism and luxury. He is a knowledgeable, kind, and determined person who is prepared to make significant sacrifices for the benefit of his nation and its people.

    Raj Kumar Shukla : In his mid-30s, he was a destitute and malnourished sharecropper who had been exploited by British landlords. He was determined to challenge the injustice of the British landlords, even though he was illiterate. He is presented as a tenacious, driven person who is not much discouraged by difficulties. 

    Thoughts are strong yet his words are scarce. Despite his straightforward language, his motions and tone of voice convey his sincerity and resolve. He went to meet Gandhiji to ask for his help in fighting the British landlords. He remained at Gandhiji's side until he assigned him a visitation schedule to Champaran. Raj Kumar Shukla has a big role to play in the Champaran episode.

    Indigo  Important Questions and Answers

    What made the Lieutenant Governor drop the case against Gandhiji?

    When Gandhiji was asked to appear in the court in Motihari, thousands of peasants held a demonstration arounck the courthouse. The officials felt helpless and the government was baffled. The trial was postponed, as the judge didn’t want to aggravate the situation. He held up the sentence for several days, after which Gandhiji was released without bail. All these events made the Lieutenant Governor drop the case against Gandhiji.

    Why do you think Gandhi considered the Champaran episode to be a turning point in his life?

    The Champaran episode began as an attempt to alleviate the distress of poor peasants. Ultimately it proved to be a turning point in Gandhiji’s life because it was a loud proclaimation that made the British realise that Gandhiji could not be ordered about in his own country. It infused courage to question British authority in the masses and laid the foundation of non-cooperation as a new tool to fight the British tooth and nail.

    What did the peasants pay to the British landlords as rent?

    The British landlords had entered into a long-term contract with the farmers according to which they compelled all tenants to plant 15% of their holdings with indigo. The sharecroppers had to surrender the entire indigo harvest as rent.

    Why do you think the servants thought Gandhi to be another peasant?

    The servants knew that Rajkumar Shukla was a poor farmer who pestered their master to help the indigo sharecroppers. Since Gandhiji accompanied Shukla and was dressed simply, they mistook him for a peasant. Gandhiji’s modesty and unassertiveness also led to the assumption that he was a peasant.

    Why did Gandhi agree to the planters’ offer of a 25% refund to the farmers? 

    Gandhiji agreed to a settlement of 25% refund to the farmers in order to break the deadlock between the landlords and peasants. For him the amount of the refund was not very important. The fact that the landlords had been obliged to surrender a part of their money as well as their prestige gave a moral victory to the farmers. Thus, Gandhiji not only made the landlords accept their dishonesty but also made the farmers learn a lesson in defending their rights with courage.


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