Explain Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of socialization.

Explain Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of socialization.

Explain Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of socialization.- The Freud posited that the mind consists of three parts that must interact properly for a person to function well in society. If any one of the three parts becomes dominant, personal and social problems may result. The three parts are the id, the superego, and the ego.

According to Sigmund Freud the human mind has three main regions:

Consciousness:- The person who is engaged in current events and activities.

Preconsciousness:- They accumulate memories that are easily accessed by consciousness.

Unconsciousness:- The repository for all of the suppressed desires and bitter experiences that the conscious mind finds unacceptable.

Explain Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of socialization.- It is the interaction among 'id', 'ego' and 'superego' that gives a definite shape to the individual's personality.

1. Id:- It provides mental and irrational energy. It operates on the "pleasure principle" and is lodged in the unconscious. It only holds to what Freud referred to as "genuine psychic reality." It has no understanding of social norms, laws, values, or morals, and it pays no attention to the social world as it is.

2. Ego:- The second stage is the harmony between the id and superego on the one hand, and reality on the other. At this stage, people expect and adhere to the reality principle (real life). It occupies the space between the conscious and the unconscious. The 'id' wants to fulfil demands right away in order to prevent tension, but the 'ego' restrains this behaviour unless a suitable object of fulfilment is available. What is acceptable and what is not acceptable, as well as what is conceivable and what is not possible, are all determined by the ego. When deciding between these options based on actual principles, a person's "ego" directs their behaviour.

3. Super Ego:- It is a third stage that is totally in contrast to the Id. At this point, the person is focused on moral principles, feelings, expectations, and ideals. It doesn't aim at either the real or the imagined real. It is focused on what is ideal. Its primary duty is to determine whether the chosen means of gratifying demands is morally right or incorrect in light of societal norms.


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