Make a critical appraisal of the poetic devices used in the poem, “Tonight I can Write”

 Make a critical appraisal of the poetic devices used in the poem, “Tonight I can Write”

"Tonight I Can Write" is a powerful poem by Chilean poet Pablo Neruda that uses a variety of poetic devices to convey the depth of emotion and longing the speaker feels.

One of the most striking devices used in the poem is imagery. Neruda uses vivid and evocative imagery to paint a picture of the speaker's feelings and the setting. For example, the speaker describes the night as "black like a closed door" and his love as "a white night, a white water." These images create a sense of emptiness, longing, and isolation that reflects the speaker's emotional state.

Neruda also uses repetition as a device in the poem. The repetition of the phrase "Tonight I can write" at the beginning of each stanza emphasizes the speaker's emotional intensity and the importance of the moment. The repetition of the word “white” also emphasizes the purity and intensity of the speaker's love.

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Make a critical appraisal of the poetic devices used in the poem, “Tonight I can Write”

Another device used in the poem is personification. The speaker personifies the night, the wind, and the stars, giving them human qualities and emotions, such as "the wind full of topics" and "the stars with their light." This personification adds to the emotional intensity of the poem, and also serves to create a sense of connection between the speaker and the natural world.

Lastly, Neruda uses metaphors in the poem, as in "this heart, all of a sudden, spills like a jar" which compares the speaker's heart to a jar that spills its contents, emphasizing the intensity of the speaker's emotions and the overwhelming nature of his love. Similarly, the metaphor of a “white night” and “white water” serves to

What is the poetic form of Tonight I can write?

The poem "Tonight I Can Write" by Pablo Neruda is written in free verse. Free verse is a form of poetry that does not follow a strict rhyme or meter pattern, and does not conform to traditional rules of poetry. It is characterized by its use of natural rhythms, imagery, and other literary devices to create its meaning and emotional impact.

In this particular poem, Neruda uses a simple and direct language, which combined with the lack of formal structure, creates a sense of immediacy and intimacy, as if the speaker is speaking directly to the reader. The poem's use of white space, line breaks, and stanzas also creates a sense of visual and structural variation that contributes to the emotional intensity of the poem.

In conclusion, the poem “Tonight I can Write” is written in free verse, this form of poetry allows the poet to convey their emotions and thoughts in an unrestricted way, and to use literary devices and techniques that are most appropriate to their message. Free verse also gives the poet the freedom to experiment with form, structure, and style, and to create a unique and powerful emotional impact on the reader.

How do you write a critical analysis of a poem?

A critical analysis of a poem involves a close reading of the poem to understand its meaning, themes, and literary devices. Here are some steps you can follow to write a critical analysis of a poem:

  • Read the poem several times: Read the poem several times, paying attention to its overall structure, imagery, and language. Take note of any words, phrases, or lines that stand out to you.
  • Identify the poem's themes and subject matter: Consider the poem's subject matter and the themes that emerge from it. What is the poem about? What is the poet trying to say?
  • Analyze the poem's literary devices: Look for literary devices such as imagery, metaphor, simile, symbolism, and tone. How do these devices contribute to the poem's overall meaning and impact?
  • Examine the poem's form and structure: Analyze the poem's form, such as its length, rhyme, and meter. How does the poem's structure contribute to its meaning and impact?
  • Evaluate the poem's effectiveness: Consider the poem's effectiveness in conveying its meaning and themes. How does the poet's use of literary devices and form contribute to the poem's overall impact?
  • Provide a thesis statement: Sum up your analysis in a clear and concise thesis statement that expresses your main idea about the poem.

Use evidence from the poem to support your analysis: Use specific examples from the poem to support your analysis and thesis statement.

Conclude your analysis: Summarize your main points and restate your thesis in a new way, to show how your analysis contributes to a better understanding of the poem.

Remember that a critical analysis is not simply a summary of the poem, but rather an interpretation and evaluation of its meaning and impact. It's important to back up your observations with evidence and to be thoughtful, careful and specific in your analysis.


"Tonight I Can Write" is a poem written by Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, and it does not have any main characters as it is a lyric poem, it is a reflection of the poet's emotions and thoughts and it does not have a plot or characters in a traditional sense. The poem's speaker is the poet himself, who is expressing his feelings and thoughts about love and memories. The poem is written in first person, and the speaker is addressing the reader in an intimate and direct manner, using imagery and literary devices to convey the depth of his emotions. The poem is a reflection on the speaker's feelings of longing, love, and loss, and the main character is the speaker himself.


Narrative technique adopted by Muriel Spark in The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie


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