Saturday, July 24, 2021

The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay

The Impact Of Covid On Education Essay, The Impact Of Covid is everywhere , it was worldwide pandemic. Covid 19 a new strain of coronavirus. CO stands for corona 'VI' for virus, and 'D' for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as 2019 novel coronavirus or '2019-nCoV which will affect to students directly or indirectly. Going to school is the best public policy tool available to raise skills. While school time can be fun and can raise social skills and social awareness, from an economic point of view the primary point of being in school is that it increases a child’s ability. Even a relatively short time in school does this; even a relatively short period of missed school will have consequences for skill growth. But can we estimate how much the COVID-19 interruption will affect learning? Not very precisely, as we are in a new world; but we can use other studies to get an order of magnitude. the impact of covid-19 on education essay

The Impact Of Covid On Education Essay

Two pieces of evidence are useful. Carlsson et al. (2015) consider a situation in which young men in Sweden have differing number of days to prepare for important tests. These differences are conditionally random allowing the authors to estimate a causal effect of schooling on skills. The authors show that even just ten days of extra schooling significantly raises scores on tests of the use of knowledge (‘crystallized intelligence’) by 1% of a standard deviation. As an extremely rough measure of the impact of the current school closures, if we were to simply extrapolate those numbers, twelve weeks less schooling (i.e. 60 school days) implies a loss of 6% of a standard deviation, which is non-trivial. They do not find a significant impact on problem-solving skills (an example of ‘fluid intelligence’). 

A different way into this question comes from Lavy (2015), who estimates the impact on learning of differences in instructional time across countries. Perhaps surprisingly, there are very substantial differences between countries in hours of teaching. For example, Lavy shows that total weekly hours of instruction in mathematics, language and science is 55% higher in Denmark than in Austria. These differences matter, causing significant differences in test score outcomes: one more hour per week over the school year in the main subjects increases test scores by around 6% of a standard deviation. In our case, the loss of perhaps 3-4 hours per week teaching in maths for 12 weeks may be similar in magnitude to the loss of an hour per week for 30 weeks. So, rather bizarrely and surely coincidentally, we end up with an estimated loss of around 6% of a standard deviation again. Leaving the close similarity aside, these studies possibly suggest a likely effect no greater than 10% of a standard deviation but definitely above zero. 

The Rise of Online Education

The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay  Even earlier than COVID-19, there has been already excessive increase and adoption in schooling generation, with international edtech investments accomplishing US$18.sixty six billion in 2019 and the general marketplace for on-line schooling projected to reach $350 Billion with the aid of using 2025. Whether it's miles language apps, digital tutoring, video conferencing tools, or on-line getting to know software, there was a good sized surge in utilization due to the fact COVID-19. In reaction to good sized demand, many on-line getting to know systems are supplying loose get admission to to their services, inclusive of systems like BYJU’S, a Bangalore-primarily based totally academic generation and on-line tutoring organization based in 2011, that is now the world’s maximum noticeably valued edtech company. Since pronouncing loose stay training on its Think and Learn app, BYJU’s has visible a 200% boom withinside the wide variety of recent college students the usage of its product, in step with Mrinal Mohit, the company's Chief Operating Officer. Tencent classroom, meanwhile, has been used substantially due to the fact mid-February after the Chinese authorities advised 1 / 4 of one billion full-time college students to renew their research via on-line systems. This resulted withinside the largest “on-line movement” withinside the records of schooling with about 730,000, or 81% of K-12 college students, attending training through the Tencent K-12 Online School in Wuhan.

Other agencies are bolstering abilties to offer a one-forestall save for instructors and college students. For example, Lark, a Singapore-primarily based totally collaboration suite to start with advanced with the aid of using ByteDance as an inner device to satisfy its very own exponential increase, started supplying instructors and college students limitless video conferencing time, auto-translation abilties, real-time co-enhancing of venture work, and clever calendar scheduling, among different features. To accomplish that fast and in a time of crisis, Lark ramped up its international server infrastructure and engineering abilties to make sure dependable connectivity.

 


The challenges of Online Education

There are, however, challenges to overcome. Some students while not reliable web access and/or technology struggle to participate in digital learning; The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay this gap is seen across countries and between financial gain brackets inside countries. For example, while 95% of scholars in Switzerland, Norway, and Austria have a pc to use for his or her schoolwork, solely 34% in Indonesia do, in line with OECD data. within the US, there's a big gap between those from privileged and underprivileged backgrounds: whilst nearly all 15-year-olds from a privileged background aforementioned they'd a computer to work on, nearly 25% of these from underprivileged backgrounds did not. whereas some colleges and governments are providing digital instrumentality to students in need, equivalent to in New South Wales, Australia, several are still involved that the pandemic can widenthe digital divide.

It is clear that this pandemic has utterly disrupted an education system that a lot of assert was already losing its relevance. In his book, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century, scholar Yuval Noah Harari outlines how schools still specialise in traditional academic skills and rote , instead of on skills like critical thinking and adaptableness , which can be more important for fulfillment within the future. Could the move to online learning be the catalyst to make a replacement , simpler method of teaching students? The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay  While some worry that the hasty nature of the transition online may have hindered this goal, others decide to make e-learning a part of their ‘new normal’ after experiencing the advantages first-hand.

here was unimaginable collaboration among all the stake holders within the field of education — including administration, teachers, students, parents and corporations making the software for transfer of data in innovative ways.

The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay Many found that global education and worldwide exposure to ideas is out there for those that seek after it.

The expenditures on travel, tours and therefore the purchase of study materials has gone down, and it could end in savings in these adversity . Though there was much advancement within the technology side of education, we could also see negative impacts of COVID-19 on education.

 

Educational activities are hampered to an excellent extent, and that we could sense an excellent amount of confusion, the postponement or delay in exams, academic sessions or the likes of . There wasn't enough space for the so-called co-curriculum. The digital world was a dilemma for the teachers who were experts in book, talk, chalk and classroom methods. that they had to be trained to satisfy the challenges of this situation and plow ahead with online teaching. and lots of students struggled to get the gadgets needed for digital learning.

 

Many educators searched for alternative jobs to sustain their families as they lost their teaching jobs or their salaries were withheld. Now former teachers are now trying to suit into any job that they will get.

 

Everything went better — though difficultly — for educated parents as they helped their children, but it is also time to know the helplessness of the oldsters who couldn't help their children. As the midday meal provision may be a great blessing to several students in India, closure of faculties during lockdown meant many children were deprived and malnourished. The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay - Pandemic has been a challenge to educational institutions, because the payment of fees was very poor. Many low budget schools got pack up .

 

Covid 19 Initiatives By Govt For Education

The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education The Ministry of Human Resources Development and its associated institutions are promoting digital education through ONLINE EDUCATIONAL PLATFORMS and through the mediums of TV and RADIO When the Government of India declared a nation-wide lockdown on 23rd March 2020 to contain the spread of COVID 19, immediate action was taken to intensify digital learning with equity so that students across the country could continue their learning even during the lockdown. The Ministry has, over the last few years, developed a rich variety of online resources that are available on a variety of platforms. While students and teachers can access these through their laptops, desktops and mobile phones, these resources are being reached to learners in remote areas through Television and Radio.

Our schools have served as shelters and food & ration distribution centres during Covid crisis. #DelhiGovtSchool Rouse Avenue is being converted to Covid hospital with 125 beds. Health is our topmost priority. We're hopeful! Together, we shall overcome this pandemic soon.

ONLINE LEARNING RESOURCES

The following are some of the online resources developed by the Government

1. DIKSHA – This is an online platform for school education . It offers teachers, parents and students engaging learning material relevant to the prescribed school curriculum. It has over 80,000 e-content items in multiple Indian languages, catering to Grades 1-12. During the lockdown period these contents have been accessed nearly 215 million times. This app can be downloaded from iOS and Google Play Store: Website: https://diksha.gov.in or https://seshagun.gov.in/shagun

2. e-PATHSHALA - A web portal and mobile app designed and deployed by the National Council for Educational Research and Training. It has 1886 audios, 2000 videos, 696 e- ebooks (e-Pubs) and 504 Flip Books for classes 1st to 12th in different languages. Website: http://epathshala.nic.in or http://epathshala.gov.in

3. NATIONAL REPOSITORY OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (NROER): A portal equipped with best quality informational content on diverse topics in multiple languages a total of 14527 files including 401 collections, 2779 documents, 1345 interactive, 1664 audios, 2586 images and 6153 videos on different languages. Website: http://nroer.gov.in/welcome

4. SWAYAM: This is the national online education platform hosting 1900 courses covering both school (class IX to XII) And Higher Education (both UG and PG) in all subjects including engineering, humanities and social sciences, law and management courses. A unique feature of SWAYAM is that, it is integrated with the conventional education . The courses are interactive and prepared by the best teachers in the country, and are available free of cost to any learner in the country. Credit transfers are possible for SWAYAM courses (max 20%). There has been a three time increase in access to the platform during the lock down period. Website: https://www.swayam.gov.in

5. SWAYAM PRABHA -. Has 32 DTH TV channels transmitting educational contents on 24/7 basis. These channels are available for viewing all across the country using DD free Dish set top box and antenna.Now even the private DTH operators are telecasting these courses through their channels. The channels cover both school education (class IX to XII) And Higher Education in a wide range of subjects like engineering, vocational courses, teacher training, performing arts, social sciences and humanities subjects, law, medicine, agriculture and many more. Website: https://www.swayamprabha.gov.in

6. NISHTHA –An integrated Teacher Training Portal and Moblie App Website : nishtha.ncert.gov.in

7. NATIONAL DIGITAL LIBRARY: This is a digital repository of a vast amount of academic content in different formats and provides interface support for leading Indian languages for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular form of access devices and differently-abled learners. Website : https://ndl.iitkgp.ac.in/

 

ENSURING EQUITY IN DIGITAL LEARNING

TV Channels/Radio are being used to to reach out to the most difficult areas. The 32 DTH TV channels are available on Swayam Prabha. These channels are available for viewing all across the country using DD Free Dish Set Box and Antenna. The same are being promoted with special emphasis on students in remote areas. 12 channels will be exclusively marked for School education (Class 1 to 12). The Impact Of Covid 19 On Education Essay , Swayam Prabha Channels pertaining to school education will be given for 2 hours per day to each State/UT. States will develop class wise/ subject wise content mapped to their syllabus in local languages. Private DTH service providers have also provided one channel each for education during COVID period. Extensive use is being made of radio channels to broadcast educational programmes .

Radio will be used specially for those children in remote areas who are not online (specially for classes 1 to 5). Activity based learning will be very effective for radio channels. 289 Community Radio Stations are to be used .Due to digitalization, huge portions of Analog spectrum of Radio and TV that are not in use, may be utilized for connecting people online in remote areas. Post lockdown, Operation Digital Board will be an immediate priority in all Govt. and Govt. aided secondary and senior secondary schools. (around 1.53 lakh schools). Two Digital Boards will be provided to each r school. DD free dish antenna will also be included in the package.Preloaded pen drives with contents from Class 1 to 12 for areas lacking connectivity. Students will be able to access e-content through on line as well as offline mode. It will also be helpful in watching educational TV channels including Swayam Prabha. Provision of monitoring and evaluation of the usage of ODB will be made.

 

Impacts of Covid 19 On Education On Families 

Perhaps to the disappointment of some, children have not generally been sent home to play. The idea is that they continue their education at home, in the hope of not missing out too much. 

Families are central to education and are widely agreed to provide major inputs into a child’s learning, as described by Bjorklund and Salvanes (2011). The current global-scale expansion in home schooling might at first thought be seen quite positively, as likely to be effective. But typically, this role is seen as a complement to the input from school. Parents supplement a child’s maths learning by practising counting or highlighting simple maths problems in everyday life; or they illuminate history lessons with trips to important monuments or museums. Being the prime driver of learning, even in conjunction with online materials, is a different question; and while many parents round the world do successfully school their children at home, this seems unlikely to generalise over the whole population. 

So while global home schooling will surely produce some inspirational moments, some angry moments, some fun moments and some frustrated moments, it seems very unlikely that it will on average replace the learning lost from school. But the bigger point is this: there will likely be substantial disparities between families in the extent to which they can help their children learn. Key differences include (Oreopoulos et al. 2006) the amount of time available to devote to teaching, the non-cognitive skills of the parents, resources (for example, not everyone will have the kit to access the best online material), and also the amount of knowledge – it’s hard to help your child learn something that you may not understand yourself. Consequently, this episode will lead to an increase in the inequality of human capital growth for the affected cohorts.

 

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