Wednesday, March 3, 2021

Creativity and intelligence

Creativity and intelligence

Creativity and intelligence In one extreme opinion, creativity and intelligence are considered totally independent of each other. Creativity and intelligence Intelligence isn't imagined to influence creativity. Creativity is viewed as a mental operation accessible to everyone. it's supposedly enthusiastic to domain-specific knowledge (i.e. the number of exposure to and expertise during a given field) and deliberate practice.

This position denies not only the influence of intelligence, but of an individual difference beyond knowledge and motivational factors, on creativity.

Creativity and intelligence  Creativity and intelligenceA high IQ has proven as insufficient for creativity ever since Terman’s (1925) famous longitudinal study of 1528 highly gifted children, which had a mean IQ of 151. While most of these children achieved remarkable occupational success in later life, none of them showed a stimulating sign of creativity. Most of the studies concerning the association between psychometric intelligence and creativity yielded only a weak relationship.

Creativity and intelligence For example, Torrance (1977) reported that the median of 178 correlation coefficients between IQ and thus the TTCT was only .20. Also, factor analyses of IQ and creativity tests yielded separate factors. However, a clever person’s IQ has been demonstrated to be a minimum of a typical deviation above the mean, often more. Creativity and intelligence Guilford (1967) suggested a hypothesis that a minimal level of IQ, often arbitrary set to 120, should be necessary, but not sufficient for creativity.

Creativity and intelligence Creative achievement was thought to be impossible below this threshold. Guilford also proposed that scatter plots of IQ and creativity should show a triangular pattern (which gave Guilford’s claim sometimes the name ‘triangularity hypothesis’) with no data points within the low IQ/high creativity quadrant. Creativity and intelligence This threshold view of creativity is so plausible that it's widely accepted, though empirical test are scarce and more likely to means a disconfirming tendency.

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