Friday, October 2, 2020

The role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights

The role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights

Introduction

1. This report is submitted to the Human Rights Council pursuant to resolution 16/12 of 24 March 2011, during which it invited the Office of the diplomat for Human Rights (OHCHR) to conduct a study on challenges, lessons learned and best practices during a holistic, child rights and genderbased approach to guard and promote the rights of youngsters working and/or living on the road and to present it to the Council at its nineteenth session. the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights, Analyze the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights. Discuss the areas in which more attention is needed for the implementation of child rights, It also requested OHCHR to conduct the study in close collaboration with relevant stakeholders, including States, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other United Nations bodies and agencies, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for youngsters and armed conflict, the Special Rapporteur on the sale of youngsters , child prostitution and kiddie porn and other relevant special procedures mandate holders, regional organizations, civil society, national human rights institutions also as children themselves.

The role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights; ignou bes sovled assingment; childhood and growing up


2. Contributions were received from States, intergovernmental organizations, national human rights institutions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), academia and individual experts. On 1 and a couple of November 2011, OHCHR, with the support of Aviva,1 the Consortium for Street Children and UNICEF, organized an expert consultation on children working and/or living on the road , to collect input from different stakeholders. Analyze the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights. Discuss the areas in which more attention is needed for the implementation of child rights, Two documents were commissioned by OHCHR for this process: a worldwide research paper by independent consultant, Dr. Sarah Thomas de Benitez; and a paper on the views of youngsters led by the Consortium for Street Children. Both documents, also because the results of the consultation, written submissions, input from States and other stakeholders informed the preparation of this report.

II. International legal standards

3. The international legal framework establishing the obligations of States in reference to children has never been as comprehensive because it is today. The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the kid constitutes the most international instrument for the promotion and protection of the rights of the kid , and it applies to all or any children altogether circumstances. Its almost universal ratification demonstrates the importance that States accord to the protection and promotion of the rights of youngsters . Analyze the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights. Discuss the areas in which more attention is needed for the implementation of child rights, The Convention is exclusive because the first legally binding instrument to require a holistic approach to the rights of the kid . the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights It covers an entire range of rights – civil, political, economic, social and cultural; establishes a framework of duties for various actors; marks a milestone in recognizing all children as rights holders and reaffirms the overall principles of best interests of the kid , non-discrimination, participation, survival and development because the framework for all actions concerning children.

4. All children, regardless of their economic status, race, colour, sex, language, religion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or the other status have an equivalent rights and are entitled to an equivalent protection by the State. While the Convention makes no particular regard to children working and/or living on the road , all its provisions are applicable to them.

5. The Committee on the Rights of the kid , the body of experts responsible of monitoring the implementation of the Convention, regularly raises the difficulty of youngsters in street situations in its dialogue with State parties, and refers specifically to their situation in several of its general comments, especially No. 13 (2011) on the proper of the kid to freedom from all sorts of violence, No. 12 (2009) on the proper of the kid to be heard and No. 10 (2007) on children’s rights in juvenile justice. Other treaty bodies have also mentioned things of youngsters , both boys and girls, living and dealing within the street, and have made recommendations during this regard.

6. additionally to the Convention, its Optional Protocols on the sale of youngsters , child prostitution and kiddie porn and on the involvement of youngsters in armed conflict and therefore the recently adopted Optional Protocol on a communications procedure, it must be noted that each one core human rights treaties apply to both adults and children; indeed, some contain specific provisions concerning children, like article 7 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights Analyze the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights. Discuss the areas in which more attention is needed for the implementation of child rights, Other international instruments are also key to the protection of youngsters working and/or living on the road , particularly those handling child labour, trafficking, juvenile justice and alternative look after children. the role played by the national organizations in protecting child rights These include the Minimum Age Convention No. 138 (1973) and Worst sorts of Child Labour Convention No. 182 (1999) of the International Labour Office, which distinguish between acceptable work administered by children and economic exploitation, or child labour, of which total abolition should be achieved. 

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