Thursday, October 1, 2020

The Relation Between Social Service, Social Defence And Social Welfare | MSW 001 | Origin And Development of Social Work

 The Relation Between Social Service

Social Defence And Social Welfare

The relation between social service, socialdefence and social welfare Social service, also called welfare service or social work, any of numerous publicly or privately provided services intended to aid disadvantaged, distressed, or vulnerable persons or groups. The term social service also denotes the profession engaged in rendering such services. 

The social services have flourished in the 20th century as ideas of social responsibility have developed and spread. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, The basic concerns of social welfare—poverty, disability and disease, the dependent young and elderly—are as old as society itself. The laws of survival once severely limited the means by which these concerns could be addressed; to share another’s burden meant to weaken one’s own standing in the fierce struggle of daily existence. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, As societies developed, however, with their patterns of dependence between members, there arose more systematic responses to the factors that rendered individuals, and thus society at large, vulnerable. Religion and philosophy have tended to provide frameworks for the conduct of social welfare. The edicts of the Buddhist emperor Aśoka in India, the sociopolitical doctrines of ancient Greece and Rome, and the simple rules of the early Christian communities are only a few examples of systems that addressed social needs.

The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, The Elizabethan Poor Laws in England, which sought relief of paupers through care services and workhouses administered at the parish level, provided precedents for many modern legislative responses to poverty. Social Defence issues such as Drug Abuse, Old Age, Beggary, HIV/AIDS, Trafficking, Probation services, Prisons, Transgender etc. are the emerging concerns. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, Therefore the efforts for wellbeing of these marginalized section of the society is vital and requires immediate and suitable interventions. 

Beggary is serious problem in India which needs to be addressed on priority. Laws against vagrancy and beggary are a means of control over such persons, who constitute a source of in nature and potential threat and annoyance to society. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, However the problem is more of social needs to be handled accordingly. Systematic training/sensitization Programmes for the concerned State officials and NGOs partners on beggary prevention would go a long way in eradication of this social evil. Transgender Community is another sensitive and marginalized group and requires basic security measures such as food, clothing, shelter, education and health, employment. Our Ministry has initiated the development work with view to safeguarding the rights of these groups.

The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, Problems of Transgender Community are multidimensional and hence multipronged strategy is required to handle this issue. Education, Skill development training programmes on different trades for this community would help them in their employment and self -employment. The Division also looks after the matters related the field of social defence to children affected by drug abuse, counseling skills for the stakeholders in the fields of social defence. The Division trains/sensitize the Govt./NGOs/Panchayat/Police functionaries and Social Work professionals on Social Defence issues through its comprehensive National level one month programmes and 3day short term state level programmes. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, The basic aim of the Division is to establish links with State Social Welfare Departments and institutions working in the area of Beggary Prevention, Transgender persons etc. for imparting training to stakeholders/service providers. A social welfare system provides assistance to individuals and families in need.

The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, The types and amount of welfare available to individuals and families vary depending on the country, state, or region. In the U.S., the federal government provides grants to each state through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. Social welfare systems provide assistance to individuals and families through programs such as health care, food stamps, unemployment compensation, housing assistance, and child care assistance. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, In the U.S., a caseworker is assigned to each individual or family applying for benefits to determine and confirm the applicant's needs. The benefits available to an individual vary by state. 

Eligibility is determined based on factors surrounding the person’s financial status and how it relates to the minimum acceptable levels within a particular state. The factors involved can include the size of the family unit, current income levels, or an assessed disability. Within each state, social welfare systems may go by different names, but they often serve similar functions. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, This can cause confusion when attempting to compare one state's program to another. Additionally, the requirements to qualify also vary, depending on the poverty line in a particular state. The relation between social service, social defence and social welfare Social service, This allows for adjustments based on items such as cost of living that are not standardized across the country.

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