Friday, October 2, 2020

Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher

Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher


Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, India features a rich tradition of learning and education right from the antiquity. These were handed over generations to generations either through oral or written medium. one feature of ancient Indian or Hindu civilization is that it's been molded and shaped within the course of its history more by religious than by political, or economic influences. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the elemental principles of social, political, and economic life were welded into a comprehensive theory, which is named Religion in Hindu thought. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the entire configuration of ideals, practices, and conduct is named Dharma (Religion, Virtue or Duty) during this ancient tradition. Indian culture is suffused thoroughly by religious values. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The approach of our forefathers to life, their subtle analysis and codification of duties, all indicate their cherished spiritual values. Their political also as social realities weren't circumscribed within the narrow geographical bounds. Their attitude to life was characterized by width of vision and that they identified their duty with devotion to the perfect of ‘summum bonum’ of mankind. Multi-dimensional progress of all mankind became the only objective of her civilization.

Philosophy of Life in Ancient India

The outstanding characteristics of the traditional philosophy of life in India are that while no great significance is attached to the physical existence within the world, yet the importance of action during this material world isn't overlooked. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The doctrine of action (Karma) occupies a really significant place within the Indian system of life and of education. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, Action or Karma shouldn't be for the redemption of mankind. T Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, his has been the perfect of the doctrine of karma as also of the tutorial system of ancient India. Hence, the last word object of devotion for a private is that the Brahma and not this world. the fabric world is that the lab of the human soul where the individual has got to receive systematic education for bringing about selfdevelopment. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the traditional Aryan culture of India lays the best emphasis on plain living and high thinking because the moral basis of education for selfdevelopment. Consequently, the individual has been bidden necessarily to realize both sorts of knowledge, materialistic and spiritual.

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The materialistic education embodies various aspects of the knowledge of physical sciences. it's for a student that the developed social organization exists. the scholar engaged within the pursuit of fabric knowledge has consequently been treated because Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the fulcrum or the axis of the social organization , for in his development lies the well being of the society. Spiritual knowledge has been considered the means of achieving the ultimate beatitude. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, For the belief of the good truth, deep meditation in privacy is important and hence the individual has been bidden to require recourse to severe penance (Tapa) once more . Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The devotee of spiritual knowledge has been enjoined upon to stay faraway from material objects and to consume himself wholly in self-meditation because the most elements constituting divine or spiritual knowledge can't be understood and realized through hearing or by means of intellect. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, These are often realized only through divine graciousness.

Fundamentals of Ancient Indian Education

Ancient Indian Education had been evolved strictly on the foundations of Indian epistemological and philosophical traditions. the thought of the ephemerality of life and therefore the world, the concept of ultimate death and therefore the futility of mundane pleasures had provided them with a special angle of vision. the whole educational tradition originated in these principles. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, Thus, the Indian sages devoted themselves to the study of a Supra-sensible world and spiritual powers and moulded their life accordingly. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the last word aim of education emerged because the Chitti-Vrittinirodha (the control of mental activities connected with the so called concrete world).

However, education didn't neglect the event of the pupil’s powers for his all-sided advancement.

1. Knowledge associated with life During the traditional times in India, the pupil faraway from the haunts of din and distractions of the fabric world, amidst beautiful natural surroundings, sitting at the feet of his teacher, would comprehend all the intricate problems of life through listening and meditation. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, He wouldn't remain contended with mere bookish learning but acquire fairly practical knowledge of the planet and society through close contact with the people. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, an effort was made to form the scholar capable of experiencing the Aum Shinrikyo himself and mold the society accordingly.

2. Close association between teacher and student resulted altogether round development. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The residence of the pupil at the house of the teacher amid a way of devoted service had been a singular tradition in ancient India. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The pupil, through such an in depth contact together with his teacher, would naturally imbibe his qualities through emulation. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, This was considered indispensable for the fullest development of his personality because the teacher was alleged to symbolize all the great ideals, traditions and code of behavior of the society from where the pupil hailed.

3. Development in welfare work Another important characteristic of ancient Indian educational system was that an equivalent was wedded to the sensible ends of life. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, The pupil’s residence at his teacher’s house would make it possible for him to develop social contacts because it was his sacred duty to gather fuel- wood, supply water and do other household odd jobs for the teacher. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, during this way, not only would he receive instructions associated with domestic life, but also learn the concrete lesson of the dignity of labour and welfare work .

4. vocational education Students got training in occupations of farming , agriculture and dairying etc. by tending his teacher’s cows and serving him in diverse ways. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, Evidently, the traditional Indian education wasn't merely theoretical but was associated with the realities of life. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, the fashionable concept of Learning by Doing as understood within the West today, was the very core and essence of education in ancient India. Life served because the laboratory for the tutorial experimentation from where many noble traditions were developed. Ancient Indian system of Education with special reference to access, curriculum and role of teacher, Similarly, begging alms by the pupils for his or her own subsistence and repair of the Guru fostered in them humanitarian virtues.

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