Wednesday, September 16, 2020

UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020


UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020  Exam comprises of two papers - Paper 1 and Paper 2. The syllabus has been revised in 2019 and no changes are expected to be made in UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020. UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus tests teaching and reasoning ability, research aptitude, comprehension, out-of-the-box thinking , and general awareness of the candidate. UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus is predicated on the topic chosen by the candidate. It tests the candidate’s in-depth knowledge and expertise within the respective subject. NTA UGC NET is conducted for a complete of 81 subjects.

Practice the UGC NET Mock Tests 2020

NTA will conduct UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020 June session from June 15 – 20, 2020 in online mode. so as to organize better and provides a correct idea of the syllabus and paper pattern, NTA has also released Mock Tests for the examination on its official website. NTA has revised UGC NET Syllabus 2020 of Paper 1 and every one 81 NET subjects for Paper 2. to extend the accuracy of solving the questions, the aspirants should thoroughly undergo the UGC NET Education SYLLABUS 2020 Preparation Tips. UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020 Moreover, for better preparations, candidates also can download UGC NET Practice Papers.

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2020

UGC NET Paper 1 is common and compulsory for every candidate. Paper 1 will have 50 questions worth 100 marks. Paper 1 syllabus has 10 units and exactly 5 questions will be asked from each unit. Detailed syllabus for Paper 1 is described below UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020:

Unit-I Teaching Aptitude  

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding, and Reflective), Characteristics, and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment, and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centered vs. Learner-centered methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern, and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.


Unit-II Research Aptitude 

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism, and Postpositivistic approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative, and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.  

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing,  Application of ICT in research, Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension 

A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.


Unit-IV Communication

Communication: Meaning, types, and characteristics of communication.

Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication, Barriers to effective communication, Mass-Media, and Society.


Unit-V Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude 

Types of reasoning: Number series, Letter series, Codes, and Relationships.

Mathematical Aptitude: Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages, etc. 


Unit-VI Logical Reasoning 

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations, and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition, Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning, Analogies. 

Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.  

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge, Pramanas- Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension). 

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).


Unit-VII Data Interpretation 

Sources, acquisition, and classification of Data.

Quantitative and Qualitative Data. 

Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart, and Line-chart) 

Mapping of Data, Data Interpretation. Data and Governance.


Unit-VIII Information and Communication Technology (ICT) 

ICT: General abbreviations and terminology, Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing, Digital initiatives in higher education. ICT and Governance. 


Unit-IX People, Development and Environment 

Development and Environment: Millennium Development and Sustainable Development Goals. 

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment. 

Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change, and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions. Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear, and Forests.

Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies, Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.


Unit-X Higher Education System 

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India. 

Oriental, Conventional, and Non-conventional learning programs in India. 

Professional, Technical, and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.


UGC NET Paper 1 Books

UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020  There are some of the important books that will help you to prepare better for UGC NET Education SYLLABUS 2020. Candidates must be well versed in their respective subjects for Paper 2. They should rigorously go through books of their bachelor's and master's curriculum. For Paper 1 they can follow the given books.

UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 2020

Subject: Commerce

Unit 1: Business Environment and International Business

Unit 2: Accounting and Auditing

Unit 3: Business Economics

Unit 4: Business Finance

Unit 5: Business Statistics and Research Methods

Unit 6: Business Management and Human Resource Management

Unit 7: Banking and Financial Institutions

Unit 8: Marketing Management

Unit 9: Legal Aspects of Business

Unit 10: Income-tax and Corporate Tax Planning

Unit 1: Business Environment and International Business

· Concepts and elements of business environment: Economic environment- Economic systems, Economic policies(Monetary and fiscal policies); Political environmentRole of government in business; Legal environment- Consumer Protection Act, FEMA; Socio-cultural factors and their influence on business; Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

· Scope and importance of international business; Globalization and its drivers; Modes of entry into international business  Theories of international trade; Government intervention in international trade; Tariff and non-tariff barriers; India’s foreign trade policy

· Foreign direct investment (FDI) and Foreign portfolio investment (FPI); Types of FDI, Costs and benefits of FDI to home and host countries; Trends in FDI; India’s FDI policy

· Balance of payments (BOP): Importance and components of BOP

· Regional Economic Integration: Levels of Regional Economic Integration; Trade creation and diversion effects; Regional Trade Agreements: European Union (EU), ASEAN, SAARC, NAFTA

· International Economic institutions: IMF, World Bank, UNCTAD

· World Trade Organisation (WTO): Functions and objectives of WTO; Agriculture Agreement; GATS; TRIPS; TRIMS

Unit 2: Accounting and Auditing

· Basic accounting principles; concepts and postulates

· Partnership Accounts: Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution and Insolvency of partnership firms

· Corporate Accounting: Issue, forfeiture and reissue of shares; Liquidation of companies; Acquisition, merger, amalgamation and reconstruction of companies

· Holding company accounts

· Cost and Management Accounting: Marginal costing and Break-even analysis; Standard costing; Budgetary control; Process costing; Activity Based Costing (ABC); Costing for decision-making; Life cycle costing, Target costing, Kaizen costing and JIT

· Financial Statements Analysis: Ratio analysis; Funds flow Analysis; Cash flow analysis

· Human Resources Accounting; Inflation Accounting; Environmental Accounting

· Indian Accounting Standards and IFRS

· Auditing: Independent financial audit; Vouching; Verification ad valuation of assets and liabilities; Audit of financial statements and audit report; Cost audit

· Recent Trends in Auditing: Management audit; Energy audit; Environment audit; Systems audit; Safety audit

Unit 3: Business Economics

· Meaning and scope of business economics

· Objectives of business firms

· Demand analysis: Law of demand; Elasticity of demand and its measurement; Relationship between AR and MR

· Consumer behavior: Utility analysis; Indifference curve analysis

· Law of Variable Proportions: Law of Returns to Scale 3

· Theory of cost: Short-run and long-run cost curves

· Price determination under different market forms: Perfect competition; Monopolistic competition; Oligopoly- Price leadership model; Monopoly; Price discrimination

· Pricing strategies: Price skimming; Price penetration; Peak load pricing

Unit 4: Business Finance

· Scope and sources of finance; Lease financing

· Cost of capital and time value of money

· Capital structure

· Capital budgeting decisions: Conventional and scientific techniques of capital budgeting analysis

· Working capital management; Dividend decision: Theories and policies

· Risk and return analysis; Asset securitization

· International monetary system

· Foreign exchange market; Exchange rate risk and hedging techniques

· International financial markets and instruments: Euro currency; GDRs; ADRs

· International arbitrage; Multinational capital budgeting

Unit 5: Business Statistics and Research Methods

· Measures of central tendency

· Measures of dispersion

· Measures of skewness

· Correlation and regression of two variables

· Probability: Approaches to probability; Bayes’ theorem

· Probability distributions: Binomial, poisson and normal distributions

· Research: Concept and types; Research designs

· Data: Collection and classification of data

· Sampling and estimation: Concepts; Methods of sampling - probability and nonprobability methods; Sampling distribution; Central limit theorem; Standard error; Statistical estimation

· Hypothesis testing: z-test; t-test; ANOVA; Chi–square test; Mann-Whitney test (Utest); Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test); Rank correlation test

· Report writing

Unit 6: Business Management and Human Resource Management

· Principles and functions of management 4

· Organization structure: Formal and informal organizations; Span of control

· Responsibility and authority: Delegation of authority and decentralization

· Motivation and leadership: Concept and theories

· Corporate governance and business ethics

· Human resource management: Concept, role and functions of HRM; Human resource planning; Recruitment and selection; Training and development; Succession planning

· Compensation management: Job evaluation; Incentives and fringe benefits

· Performance appraisal including 360 degree performance appraisal

· Collective bargaining and workers’ participation in management

· Personality: Perception; Attitudes; Emotions; Group dynamics; Power and politics; Conflict and negotiation; Stress management

· Organizational Culture: Organizational development and organizational change

Unit 7: Banking and Financial Institutions

· Overview of Indian financial system

· Types of banks: Commercial banks; Regional Rural Banks (RRBs); Foreign banks; Cooperative banks

· Reserve Bank of India: Functions; Role and monetary policy management

· Banking sector reforms in India: Basel norms; Risk management; NPA management

· Financial markets: Money market; Capital market; Government securities market

· Financial Institutions: Development Finance Institutions (DFIs); Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs); Mutual Funds; Pension Funds

· Financial Regulators in India

· Financial sector reforms including financial inclusion

· Digitisation of banking and other financial services: Internet banking; mobile banking; Digital payments systems

· Insurance: Types of insurance- Life and Non-life insurance; Risk classification and management; Factors limiting the insurability of risk; Re-insurance; Regulatory framework of insurance- IRDA and its role

Unit 8: Marketing Management

· Marketing: Concept and approaches; Marketing channels; Marketing mix; Strategic marketing planning; Market segmentation, targeting and positioning

· Product decisions: Concept; Product line; Product mix decisions; Product life cycle; New product development

· Pricing decisions: Factors affecting price determination; Pricing policies and strategies  

· Promotion decisions: Role of promotion in marketing; Promotion methods - Advertising; Personal selling; Publicity; Sales promotion tools and techniques; Promotion mix

· Distribution decisions: Channels of distribution; Channel management

· Consumer Behaviour; Consumer buying process; factors influencing consumer buying decisions

· Service marketing

· Trends in marketing: Social marketing; Online marketing; Green marketing; Direct marketing; Rural marketing; CRM

· Logistics management

Unit 9: Legal Aspects of Business

· Indian Contract Act, 1872: Elements of a valid contract; Capacity of parties; Free consent; Discharge of a contract; Breach of contract and remedies against breach; Quasi contracts;

· Special contracts: Contracts of indemnity and guarantee; contracts of bailment and pledge; Contracts of agency

· Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Sale and agreement to sell; Doctrine of Caveat Emptor; Rights of unpaid seller and rights of buyer

· Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Types of negotiable instruments; Negotiation and assignment; Dishonour and discharge of negotiable instruments

· The Companies Act, 2013: Nature and kinds of companies; Company formation; Management, meetings and winding up of a joint stock company

· Limited Liability Partnership: Structure and procedure of formation of LLP in India

· The Competition Act, 2002: Objectives and main provisions

· The Information Technology Act, 2000: Objectives and main provisions; Cyber crimes and penalties

· The RTI Act, 2005: Objectives and main provisions

· Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) : Patents, trademarks and copyrights; Emerging issues in intellectual property

· Goods and Services Tax (GST): Objectives and main provisions; Benefits of GST; Implementation mechanism; Working of dual GST

Unit 10: Income-tax and Corporate Tax Planning

· Income-tax: Basic concepts; Residential status and tax incidence; Exempted incomes; Agricultural income; Computation of taxable income under various heads; Deductions from Gross total income; Assessment of Individuals; Clubbing of incomes

· International Taxation: Double taxation and its avoidance mechanism; Transfer pricing  

· Corporate Tax Planning: Concepts and significance of corporate tax planning; Tax avoidance versus tax evasion; Techniques of corporate tax planning; Tax considerations in specific business situations: Make or buy decisions; Own or lease an asset; Retain; Renewal or replacement of asset; Shut down or continue operations

· Deduction and collection of tax at source; Advance payment of tax; E-filing of income-tax returns