Thursday, April 16, 2020

Oliver Twist Novel Summary, Characters, Themes, Motivational Novel

Oliver Twist is the Story of a poor boy to become a rich, It’s a best motivational novel ever by Charles Dickens. Oliver Twist Novel written in 1887. So many movies have made on this novel’s story.  It presents the life of an orphan boy and showing the struggle for eating food then boy become a part of thieves but due to his luck and good behavior someone adopted him.

Lets read the complete story of the Oliver Twist.

Oliver Twist Summary

Oliver Twist is that the story of a young orphan, Oliver, and his attempts to remain good during a society that refuses to assist . Oliver is born during a workhouse, to a mother not known to anyone within the town. She dies right after parturition to him, and he's sent to the parochial orphanage, where he and therefore the other orphans are treated terribly and fed little or no . When he turns nine, he's sent to the workhouse, where again he and therefore the others are treated badly and practically starved. the opposite boys, unable to face their hunger any more , plan to draw straws to settle on who will need to go up and invite more food. Oliver loses. On the appointed day, after finishing his first serving of gruel, he goes up and asks for more. Mr. Bumble, the beadle, and therefore the board are outraged, and choose they need to get obviate Oliver, apprenticing him to the parochial undertaker, Mr. Sowerberry. it's not great there either, and after an attack on his mother’s memory, Oliver runs away.

Oliver walks towards London. When he's close, he's so weak he can barely continue, and he meets another boy named Jack Dawkins, or the artful Dodger. The Dodger tells Oliver he can accompany him to an area where a gentleman will give him an area to sleep and food, for no rent. Oliver follows, and therefore the Dodger takes him to an apartment in London where he meets Fagin, the aforementioned gentleman, and Oliver is obtainable an area to remain . Oliver eventually learns that Fagin’s boys are all pickpockets and thieves, but not until he's wrongfully accused of their crime of stealing an old gentleman’s handkerchief. he's arrested, but the bookseller comes just in time to the court and says that he saw that Oliver didn't roll in the hay . The gentleman whose handkerchief was taken, Mr. Brownlow, feels bad for Oliver, and takes him in.

Oliver is extremely proud of Mr. Brownlow, but Fagin and his co-conspirators aren't happy to possess lost Oliver, who may divulge their topographic point . So at some point , when Mr. Brownlow entrusts Oliver to return some books to the bookseller for him, Nancy spots Oliver, and kidnaps him, taking him back to Fagin.

Oliver is forced to travel on a house-breaking excursion with the intimidating Bill Sikes. At gun point Oliver enters the house, with the decide to wake those within, but before he can, he's shot by one among the servants. Sikes and his partner escape, leaving Oliver during a ditch. subsequent morning Oliver makes it back to the house, where the type owner, Mrs. Maylie, and her beautiful niece Rose, plan to protect him from the police and nurse him back to health.
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Oliver slowly recovers, and is extremely happy and grateful to be with such kind and generous people, who successively are ecstatic to seek out that Oliver is such a good-natured boy. When he's tolerably , they take him to ascertain Mr. Brownlow, but they find his house empty—he has moved to the West Indies . Meanwhile, Fagin and his mysterious partner Monks haven't given abreast of finding Oliver, and at some point Oliver wakens from a nightmare to seek out them watching him through his window. He raises the alarm, but they escape.
Nancy, overhearing Fagin and Monks, decides that she must attend Rose Maylie to inform her what she knows. She does so, telling Rose that Monks is Oliver’s half-brother, who has been trying to destroy Oliver in order that he can keep his whole inheritance, but that she is going to not betray Fagin or Sikes. Rose tells Mr. Brownlow, who tells Oliver’s other caretakers, and that they decide that they need to meet Nancy again to seek out out the way to find Monks.
They meet her on London Bridge at a prearranged time, but Fagin has become suspicious, and has sent his new boy, Noah Claypole, to spy on Nancy. Nancy tells Rose and Mr. Brownlow the way to find Monks, but still refuses to betray Fagin and Sikes, or to travel with them. Noah reports everything to Fagin, who tells Sikes, knowing full well that Sikes will kill Nancy. He does. Mr. Brownlow has within the mean solar time found Monks, who finally admits everything that he has done, and therefore the true case of Oliver’s birth.
Sikes is on the run, but all of London is in an uproar, and he eventually hangs himself accidentally in slump a roof, while trying to flee from the mob surrounding him. Fagin is arrested and tried, and, after a visit from Oliver, is executed. Oliver, Mr. Brownlow, and therefore the Maylies find yourself living in peace and luxury during a small village within the English countryside.

 Oliver Twist Themes

Institutional cruelty
The cruelty of institutions and bureaucracies toward the unfortunate is probably the preeminent theme of Oliver Twist, and essentially what makes it a social novel. Dickens wrote the book largely in response to the law Amendment Act of 1834, which represented the government's both passive and active cruelty to the poor and helpless. Although institutions show both passive and active cruelty in Oliver Twist, active cruelty is more prevalent, a move that serves to exaggerate and thus satirize this cruelty and make it seem intentional.

The cruelty of those institutions, however, isn't separated from the cruelty of people . Although the parochial board that decides Oliver’s future carelessly and unsympathetically is essentially anonymous, the person within the white jacket generally voices the precise cruel sentiments, in order that they're not presented as having come out of thin air , or simply from laws, but from the individuals in power. Similarly, Mr. Bumble is usually directly involved within the institutional unkindness that Oliver faces. This cruelty isn't nameless or faceless, it's with great care prevalent that not all the perpetrators are often named.

Mob mentality
The horrifying power of mob mentality is additionally a crucial theme in Oliver Twist, and one that's closely associated with that of institutional cruelty. Institutional cruelty are often seen to be an example of a selected quite mob mentality—not literally, but a mob during which individuals aren't held in charge of their actions, then are often as heartless as they like, with the blank face of the bureaucracy to hide them.

Similarly, the mobs in Oliver Twist all combat lives of their owns, in order that the individuals within them can display their cruelest character. We see mobs act against Oliver, the foremost striking example of which is when he's accused of stealing Mr. Brownlow’s handkerchief. We also see mobs act against the antagonists within the novel. Bill Sikes becomes a victim of a mob, and although we all know that he's guilty, as against Oliver, there's still an eerie similarly between Sikes’s mob and Oliver’s, that reminds us how easily such a mob can turn against anyone, whether or not that somebody is actually guilty. Thus even when the mob is on the side of justice, and is "correct", Dickens illuminates the danger of the mentality.
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The importance of upbringing
Proper upbringing, posited as essential throughout the novel, is illuminated best within the scene where Nancy and Rose first meet. during this scene, Dickens juxtaposes the prostitute Nancy to the angelic and utterly perfect Rose. Nancy’s potential for goodness is obvious , made so by her very presence there among other things, but from youth she has been surrounded by liars and thieves, and although she transcends their ranks morally, she cannot shake them, nor become the person she could have had she had any of the benefits that Rose did. Rose, too, comes from a rather ignominious background, but from an early age she was raised by the type and loving Mrs. Maylie, who also offered her all the resources she could desire - then she became an example of the "perfect" female.

Oliver manages to rise above his upbringing. Surrounded by selfish, ignorant and cruel people for many of his childhood, given no love, care, or tenderness, he still manages to take care of his kind disposition, and never gives into the low morals of these around him. He is, however, meant to be the exception that proves the rule. the very fact that his happy ending is so very miraculous proves how important it's to be loved and cared for in childhood.

The powerlessness of youngsters
Dickens is deeply curious about the plight of the powerless in Oliver Twist, and youngsters are the first symbol of this. Oliver is continually reliant on and overpowered by others—Mr. Bumble, Fagin and Sikes, the mobs and other people within the street, even Nancy. Although he's employed hard to survive, it's only because he's taken in by wealthy and powerful adults that he's ready to escape the immoral and dangerous world into which he's born.

This powerlessness isn't just represented in Oliver being physically overtaken or forced into things, but in his constant failure to speak with adults. Until he meets Mr. Brownlow, the adults who have total control of Oliver in his life seem to fail completely to know him. this is often exemplified within the court room scene, where Oliver loses his ability to talk , then is given a reputation arbitrarily, but there are countless samples of adults either ignoring or misunderstanding what seem to be clear and direct statements. This powerlessness, however, isn't insurmountable, as once Oliver has kind and intelligent people that are willing to concentrate to him he gains agency.

The powerlessness of girls
Like children, women, too, are presented as at the mercy of the more powerful in society. this is often especially exemplified in Nancy, who finishes up giving her life in her plan to act against the lads who hold power over her. When Nancy is put responsible of taking Oliver to Sikes, she tells him that she would help him if she could, but she doesn’t have the facility . This finishes up not being completely true—she does help Oliver in getting to Rose, but even then Rose must address Mr. Brownlow and Mr. Losberne to accomplish anything. it's telling to think about that Nancy must give her life for just this small show of agency.

The limits of justice
Justice and its various forms are vital in Oliver Twist. By the top of the novel, most of the characters have faced justice, in a method or another. Mr. and Mrs. Bumble are during a workhouse, Oliver, Rose, and every one of the great characters live happily and comfortably, and Sikes and Fagin have both been hanged. Yet, Dickens doesn't seem completely comfortable with the way that justice has been administered . Although the great characters clearly deserve the happiness they get, and therefore the bad characters certainly have done plenty to deserve their own ends, the novel seems ambivalent about the methods and degree of justice involved.

Setting of Oliver Twist 
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