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Examine Dorothea’s ideas of marriage in Middlemarch


4. Examine Dorothea’s ideas of marriage in Middlemarch?

INTRODUCTION – MIDDLEMARCH
Middlemarch, A Study of Provincial Life  is a novel by the English creator George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans), first distributed in eight portions (volumes) in 1871–1872. The tale is set in the invented Midlands town of Middlemarch during 1829–1832, and pursues a few unmistakable, crossing stories with an enormous cast of characters. Issues incorporate the status of ladies, the nature of marriage, vision, personal responsibility, religion, bad faith, political change, and instruction. 

In spite of comic components, Middlemarch is a work of authenticity enveloping chronicled occasions: the 1832 Reform Act, the beginnings of the railroads, and the passing of King George IV and progression of his sibling, the Duke of Clarence (King William IV). It consolidates contemporary medication and inspects the reactionary perspectives on a settled network confronting unwelcome change. Eliot started composing the two pieces that would shape Middlemarch in the years 1869–1870 and finished the novel in 1871. Albeit beginning surveys were blended, it is presently observed broadly as her best work and one of the incredible books of the English language

DOROTHEA’S IDEAS OF MARRIAGE
THE IMPERFECTION OF MARRIAGE
The manners by which individuals behave and how the network makes a decision about them are firmly connected in Middlemarch. At the point when the desires for the social network are not met, people regularly get cruel open analysis. For instance, the network judges Ladislaw cruelly in view of his blended family. Fred Vincy is nearly abandoned on the grounds that he conflicts with his family's desires and not join the ministry. It is just when Vincy conflicts with the desires of the network by prior his instruction that he discovers genuine romance and satisfaction. At long last, Rosamond's requirement for propriety and the craving to satisfy social gauges turns into her destruction. Interestingly, Dorothea's choice to act against the standards of society enables her to develop as the most good character at last.
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Most characters in Middlemarch marry for love rather than obligation, yet marriage still appears negative and unromantic. Marriage and the pursuit of it are central concerns in Middlemarch, but unlike in many novels of the time, marriage is not considered the ultimate source of happiness. Two examples are the failed marriages of Dorothea and Lydgate. Dorothea’s marriage fails because of her youth and of her disillusions about marrying a much older man, while Lydgate’s marriage fails because of irreconcilable personalities. Mr. and Mrs. Bulstrode also face a marital crisis due to his inability to tell her about the past, and Fred Vincy and Mary Garth also face a great deal of hardship in making their union. As none of the marriages reach a perfect fairytale ending, Middlemarch offers a clear critique of the usual portrayal of marriage as romantic and unproblematic


Dorothea's motive is to get a wider horizon and to be part of a great and productive enterprise. Rosamond marries Lydgate to climb socially and to leave Middlemarch. It is this selfish view of marriage that makes their marriage unstable. This is illustrated when, once Lydgate had been implicated by rumour of dubious practices involving Bulstrode, he begs for understanding and sympathy from Rosamond. She has none to give him, as she is more concerned with her public image than with him. She married him as a means of escaping Middlemarch and to introduce her to the society of his uncle the Baronet, she therefore looks on him as only a means to her own ends. It had never occurred to her to imagine his "inward life" or his "business in the world" (164). She therefore has no idea what he is suffering at this moment, and therefore has no pity for his pain. All she can do, then, is stare at him in sullen silence (746). Rosamond's refusal to acknowledge the desires, indeed the independent lives of others makes her a destructive force - she cannot see that Lydgate would be completely unhappy if he were forced to become a rich spar doctor; she only sees him in terms of a means for providing the funds necessary to fuel her pretensions of rank. She would seem to think that, because of her education, she is above 'normal people' - she would like to think that, because she is married to a relative of a baronet, she has moved up in the world.

CONCLUSION
Believe the reason why marriage is put under such scrutiny throughout the novel is that it functions as a link between individuals and society. The two are seldom distinct in Elliot's work and the issue of their relationship is always critical to the development of different themes. Marriage also represents a method of comparison between her characters; throughout the novel are examples of very different characters undergoing remarkably similar circumstances (An example of this is the comparison between the reactions of Rosamond and of Mrs Bulstrode when they learn of their husbands' disgrace). This desire to analyse and compare probably came from her studies of both natural sciences and psychology. I don't believe that Elliot's position is either for or against marriage - she is, in my view, equally for or against certain characters. The marriages that are portrayed in Middlemarch are of such different and varied composition that no general rule can be drawn from them


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