Discuss the theme of social responsibility in the play All My Sons

Discuss the theme of social responsibility in the play All My Sons.

Introduction

All My Sons by Arthur Miller is a play set during the second world war, and is about a successful businessman, Joe Keller, who has failed to fulfil his social obligations and has failed to recognise the role of society after he is blinded by lust for money during the war. He lives peacefully with his wife Kate and his son Chris, but had another son Larry who died in a plane crash during the war.

Social responsibility in the play All My Sons

The death of their eldest son, Larry, during the war has completely shaken Kate. Even after so many years, she believed that Larry would be alive somewhere. Joe Keller was a war profiteer during the war, and with his business partner, Steve Deever, had set up his own business to ship cylinders for fighter planes. social responsibility in the play All My Sons. However, Steve Deever, father of Ann Deever (now engaged to Joe’s daughter Chris) is in prison, after he was found guilty of shipping cracked cylinder heads for fighter jets. This resulted in the death of 21 fighter pilots, and the cylinders were shipped in the absence of Joe Keller, who was sick and on leave on that day. However, Steve never gave up the claim that he had shipped the cylinders on the orders of Joe over a telephone call.

Even when George (Steve’s son) goes to meet him to tell him about the marriage of Ann and Chris, after so many years Steve is still of the belief that he is innocent. This sparks feelings of uneasiness and suspicion in the mind of George, who is now a lawyer. As the story unfolds, social responsibility in the play All My Sons, everything changes, and it seems that the Deever family’s arrival in the Keller household has a purpose.

Steve Deever swore he would never forgive Joe, so Kate worries that Ann will try and harm her family to gain revenge for her father. Ann swears she holds no ill will and that her only desire is to marry Chris, which Kate considers to be an act of betrayal to Larry. Through all of this, Joe has been amiable and relaxed, playing peacemaker and defusing emotions. He seems at times to be almost perplexed and confused by the whole situation.




Social responsibility in the play All My Sons Next we learn that Ann’s brother George is on his way over. It seems that he has just met with their father, and George is hurrying over to talk to Ann. There is a bit of a discussion about what George, who has become a lawyer, might have been talking to Steve about and why he would be in a hurry to see Ann. During this conversation, Joe suggests that not only is he willing to get George a better job than he has now, but that he is also willing to hire Steve back when he has served his time. When asked why he would do this when Steve has been accusing him of being a liar and a murderer ever since the trial, Joe says that in all honesty, he never believed that what Steve did was as bad as everyone thinks. He says Steve just made a mistake – he didn’t mean to see anyone get hurt.

Discuss the theme of social responsibility in the play All My Sons


Upon George’s arrival, we learn that Steve has heard about Ann’s impending marriage to Chris, and both Steve and George are adamant that this should not happen, since Ann would find herself married to the son of the man who framed her father and allowed twenty-one American pilots to die because of defective parts. Ann refuses to give up on the man she loves, so George starts to brow beat Chris into admitting that Joe lied and that Chris has always known it. Discuss the theme of social responsibility in the play All My Sons. Chris seems to be unwavering in his faith in his father’s innocence, but several of his answers are a bit ambiguous. Joe then attempts to convince George that his wealth and power can fix everything. George is almost convinced by Joe, until Kate makes an off-hand remark about how Joe hasn’t been ill in fifteen years.

George immediately catches this remark and realizes that Joe must have lied about being sick when those engines were shipped. He begins questioning Joe, Kate, and Chris, and it suddenly becomes clear to all that Joe did let Steve take the blame for shipping the defective parts. George leaves as Chris goes into a violent rage, stalking Joe around the yard. Joe tries to defend himself by telling Chris that he made a mistake, and that he never thought they’d use the bad engines. He thought someone would see they were defective and send them back. He declares he only did it to make money to support his family, to leave something for his children—for Chris. Chris refuses to let Joe off the hook, telling him that this isn’t the legacy he ever wanted. He speaks of the integrity and the honor of the soldiers who he fought alongside of and who died for their country. He then leaves.

The Title All My Sons is taken from the last words of Joe Keller who is the tragic character in the play. His sense of guilt before his death, he quoted the words of his dead son Larry who made penance for the death of twenty-one pilots due to his loss of social responsibility in order to exhibit his individual responsibility to his family. This emphasis the importance of social responsibility. Larry's death made Joe Keller to learn his social responsibility. Joe listened Chris realises Larry's letter. So he said with broken heart, "They were all my sons"(All My Sons 89). Joe Keller viewed the personal benefit to his family as outweighing the hurt done to society. Finally the death of his own son Larry shows him that he cannot view his family as separate from the society. Joe Keller admits that he is directly responsible for his son's death because of his loss of social responsibility. If I have the means, I have the responsibility to employ them says Brooks in The Scions of Shannara. From this the power of social responsibility is clearly revealed. Joe Keller's obsession with profit that created the entire chain of corruption whereas, Joe Keller views his responsibility to his family, but he can't view the social responsibility. The society and the personal life are combined one and it is inseparable which forgotten by Joe Keller.

It is clear that the social responsibility is as much important as that of an individual's own responsibility. At the end of the play Joe Keller faces the truth of his own character and assumes his responsibility. As a result of his loss of social responsibility Joe Keller has lost the respect of his own son Chris, a young man of principle. Both Joe Keller and his son Larry commit suicide out of Joe Keller's loss of social responsibility. Joe Keller's selfish point of view of the world is juxtaposed with that broader point of view of his son Chris who understands the interconnected of the world and its society of the diverse communities and individuals.

Conclusion

We highlights the interdependence of people and societies. The importance of social responsibility is emphasized throughout in the play All My Sons. Every individual has certain social responsibility to other people and thus his/her actions have ramifications for the greater society. Social responsibility in the play All My Sons. The social responsibility and self protections are equally important and both should be treated well. If an individual his/her own responsibility is given much preference than the his/her social responsibility then the society will suffer which eventually causes troubles to his/her individual's life. So, the social responsibility of every individual are very essential.

Write An Appreciation Of Gandhi’s Art And Craft Of Autobiography

Write an appreciation of Gandhi’s art and craft of autobiography

 Write an appreciation of Gandhi’s art and craft of Autobiography

Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography  Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule, and to later inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Mohandas Gandhi was, however, not a great scholar, nor was he a great warrior. He was not born with exceptional faculties. Neither was he a good orator, nor a great writer. He did not claim anything exclusively divine in him. He did not claim being a prophet or having superhuman powers. He considered himself an average man with average abilities. Born in a middle class Bania family in an obscure princely State in a corner of India, he was a mediocre student, shy and nervous. He could not muster courage to speak in public. His first attempt at legal practice miserably failed.

But he was a humble seeker of Truth. He was a man with exceptional sincerity, honesty and truthfulness. For him, understanding meant action. Once any principle appealed to him, he immediately began to translate that in practice. He did not flinch from taking risks and did not mind confessing mistakes. So Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography  , No opposition, scorn or ridicule could affect him. Truth was his sole guiding star. He was ever-growing; hence he was often found inconsistent. He was not concerned with appearing to be consistent. He preferred to be consistent only with the light within.

Gandhi's autobiography, which he had titled 'My experiments with Truth' can be rated as one of the most popular and the most influential books in the recent history. It was written at the instance of Swami Anand. Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography   - It appeared in the Weekly 'Navjivan' during 1925-28. It covers Gandhi's life up to 1920. He did not cover the period after that as it was well known to the people and most of the concerned persons were alive. Besides he felt that his experiments in that period were yet to yield definite conclusions.



Gandhi's autobiography is very different from other autobiographies. The autobiographies normally contain self-praise by the authors. They want to criticize their opponents and boost their own image in the people's eyes. Gandhi's autobiography is completely free from all this. Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography  - It is marked with humility and truthfulness. He had not hidden anything. 

In fact, he is rather too harsh on himself. He did not want to show to the world how good he was. He only wanted to tell the people the story of his experiments with Truth, for Gandhi, was the supreme principle, which includes many other principles. Realization of the Truth is the purpose of human life. Gandhi always strove to realize the Truth. 

He continuously tried to remove impurities in himself. He always tried to stick to the Truth as he knew and to apply the knowledge of the Truth to everyday life. He tried to apply the spiritual principles to the practical situations. Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography  , He did it in the scientific spirit. Sticking to the truth means Satyagraha. Gandhi therefore called his experiments as 'Experiments with Truth' or 'Experiments in the science of Satyagraha.' Gandhi also requested the readers to treat those experiments as illustrative and to carry out their own experiments in that light.

MEANING OF EDUCATION

According to Gandhiji “literacy is neither the beginning nor the end of education. This is only a means through which man or woman can be educated”. Gandhiji observes “by education I mean an all round drawing out of the best in child and man- body, mind, and spirit. This is only a means through which man and woman can be educated.”This is how Gandhiji summed up his idea of true education accordingly.

EDUCATION IS DEVELOPMENT: “All round” implies harmonious development. ‘Drawing out the best’ recognizes a great potentiality coiled up in the child which can be realised and developed to its perfection through education.

Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography   - It is development of human personality in terms of physical, intellectual and spiritual aspects. Education should take care of the whole child, the human personality. It should be the function of education to bring about a harmonious development of all the aspects of human personality so that it can grow to its highest stature and serve the society at its best.

EDUCATION IS NOT LITERACY: Gandhiji did not favour teaching and learning of as literacy in itself is no education. Literacy is just a means of education. He emphasized the development of head, heart, hand and health. According to Gandhiji “true education is that which draws out and stimulates the spiritual, intellectual and physical faculties of the children.

 

Crafts-centric education for skilling

Our efforts at rectifying the imbalance in our education system through empowering potential of skilling finds a deep connect with Gandhian principles of craft-centered education. Whatever we are striving for – learning by doing, work integrated learning, respect for manual skills, self-reliance through sustainable livelihoods, – concepts like these are deeply ingrained in Mahatma Gandhi’ s emphasis on manual and productive work as integral to basic education. Let’s look at some of his key thoughts and ideas that have found a way in current endeavours to link education with employment and entrepreneurship through skill development.

Education through crafts

Mahatma Gandhi had emphasized that handicrafts should be taught “not merely for production work but for developing intellect of the pupils.” And, this idea has been implemented in schools as Socially Useful and Productive Work (SUPW) as per reports of landmark commissions and policy. Appreciation of Gandhi’s art and Craft of Autobiography   , SUPW is mostly perceived as a hobby; it could be embroidery, clay modeling, bamboo crafts, leather work, pottery and many other socioculturally relevant creatively stimulating activities that have a potential for enabling livelihoods. When connected with skilling and vocational options, SUPW can transform the way children perceive manual work and impact their young minds positively towards dignity of work and labour.