Friday, June 4, 2021

MPSE 006 Solved Assignment 2021-22

MPSE 006 PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES Solved Assignment 2021-22

MPSE 006 Solved Assignment 2021-22: All IGNOU Assignment Free of Cost available at our website. IGNOU University always being in picture due to its IGNOU Assignment Date Extended. In this post Student will Get MPSE 006 Solved Assignment 2021-22 Easily.

MPSE 006 PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES Solved Assignment 2021-22


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MPSE 006 Solved Assignment 2021-22

PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES (MPSE-006)

TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT

Course Code: MPSE-006

Assignment Code: ASST/TMA/2021-22

Marks: 100

Answer any five questions in about 500 words each. Attempt at least two questions from each section. Each question carries 20 marks.

SECTION –I

1. The evolution of civil society in its relationship with the state has undergone major transformations in the modern period. Elucidate.

Civil society remains a central organizing concept of both classical and contemporary social theory (Alexander 2006; Cohen and Arato 1992; Parsons 1971; Somers 2008; Taylor 1990), delineating the arena of identity-forming associational networks and critical public spheres irreducible to official political and economic institutions. Yet, while recent research in social movements, organizational theory, and economic sociology has generated new insight into the hybrid institutional forms and diverse organizational strategies that civil society actors pursue to achieve their goals, civil society theory has only partially incorporated these developments (Campbell 2005; Clemens and Minkoff 2004; Fligstein and McAdam 2011; King and Pearce 2010; McAdam and Scott 2006; McDonnell, King, and Soule 2015; Rao, Morrill, and Zald 2000; Scheinberg, King, and Smith 2008). An extensive research program in comparative social politics has shown that the success of egalitarian demands arising from civil society crucially depends on the broader structure of national political economies and the alliances between civil society organizations and other economic actors such as unions (Esping-Andersen 1990; Huber and Stephens 2001; Korpi 1983, 2006; Korpi and Palme 1998). And scholarship on civil society in authoritarian regimes has revealed how the organizational structure of civil society is influenced, in turn, by political projects arising from powerful, incumbent actors in the state and the economy—findings that challenge the assumed linkages between the strength of civil society and the democratization of the state (Lewis 2013; Riley and Fernández 2014; Spires 2011).

Bridging these research trajectories, in this article we develop a new analytic framework, one that provides a set of tools that capture the meso-level processes through which civil society organizations and actors pursue their goals by interpenetrating with formal economic and political structures. Extant theories of civil society tend to accept a static, domain-focused account of the politics of civil society, whereby the crucial analytic (and political) task is to preserve the autonomy and distinctiveness of civil society from the encroachment of formal political and economic institutions. In contrast to this emphasis on separation, our framework—the politics of infiltration—draws attention to the processes through which the existing boundaries between civil society, the state, and the economy continuously change. We emphasize the two directions in which such penetration can occur: first, the strategies of forward infiltration from civil society into the state and the economy, either initiated by civil society or formulated as responses to state action, and second, the strategies of backward infiltration, initiated by the state and powerful economic actors, to penetrate civil society. Ultimately, in our framework, the outcome is a reconfiguration of the central rights and obligations of citizens as well as the institutional structures responsible for fulfilling those rights (Janoski 1998).

With the concept of infiltration, we seek to redefine the state-society-economy boundary using the notion of a field (Bourdieu 1993; Fligstein and McAdam 2011; Paschel 2016) or a field of power (Migdral 2001) in which state and economic elites and their challengers in civil society infiltrate into the other’s organizational realm via distinctive strategic modes and with diverse functional consequences. We draw on the concept of the field to avoid a reified and overly normative view of civil society, in which civil society is identified with some core set of actors or seen primarily as a reservoir of critical values distinctive from the formalized routines of political and economic institutions. Instead, we propose as a more adequate starting point the strategies or projects (Fligstein and McAdam 2011) through which competing collective actors, in part already configured by preexisting organized agents in the state, economy, or civil society, pursue the reformulation of those institutional structures (Amenta and Young 1999; Amenta et al. 2010; Clemens and Minkoff 2004; Krisie 1996; McAdam and Scott 2005; Paschel 2016). Although institutions perpetuate the boundaries built in the past through coercive structures, consensus, rituals, and laws, humans never stop transforming the status quo: As Georg Simmel observed, human beings exist within boundaries even as they continuously transcend them ([1903] 2002).

Civil society, we contend, should be conceptualized not as a realm or sphere but as a set of diverse and intersecting projects prestructured by an existing field but constantly seeking to reflexively alter the structure of that field. While we draw on efforts to conceptualize civil society and social movement in terms of fields of strategic action (Fligstein and McAdam 2011; Paschel 2016), we are concerned that these previous frameworks are underspecified with regard to the nature of the political projects arising from the interaction between different fields. In place of the opposition between relative stability and exogenous shock (Fligstein and McAdam 2011), we propose and enumerate three distinctive strategic modes through which actors in each domain seek to affect actors in the other fields and reformulate the boundaries between them: the politics of influence, the politics of substitution, and the politics of occupation. In each case, we argue that these strategies operate through distinctive mechanisms (discursive claim-making, functional replacement, and institutional takeover, respectively) and lead to divergent political consequences.

 

2. Critically examine the strategies adopted by the Cold War rivals to fight or deter a nuclear war.

3. Briefly describe the different methods of resolving inter-state conflicts.

4. Feminist approach has broadened the concept of security. Explain.

5. What is war? Explain the difference between realist and liberal conception of war.

SECTION –II

6. Critically examine different forms of terrorism. What are the ways to deal with the problem of terrorism?

7. Bring out the differences between functionalism and neo-functionalism.

8. Critically examine the neorealist and postmodernist approaches to human security.

9. Write a short note on the following in about 250 words each:

a) What is peace-keeping? Describe the role of UN peace-keeping operation in the Somalia’s ethnic conflict.

b) What are CBMs? How do the CBMs in Asia differ from those in Europe?

10. Write a short note on the following in about 250 words each:

a) What do you mean by revolutionary war? How does it differ from civil wars?

b) Describe the procedure adopted by the World Trade Organisation to resolve dispute between nations.

Dear Students,

MIP Solved Assignment As explained in the Programme Guide, you have to do one Tutor Marked Assignment for each course. We are sending the assignments of all the six courses together in this booklet. Assignment is given 30% weightage in the final assessment. To be eligible to appear in the Term-End Examination, it is compulsory for you to submit the assignments as per the schedule. Before attempting the assignments, you should carefully read the instructions given in the Programme Guide. These assignments are valid for two admission cycles (January 2021 and July 2021). The validity is given below:

1. Those who are enrolled in January 2021, it is valid upto December 2021.

2. Those who are enrolled in July 2021, it is valid upto June 2022.

In case you are planning to appear in June Term-End Examination, you must submit the assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre latest by 15th March, and if you are planning to appear in December Term-End Examination, you must submit them latest by 15th September

IGNOU Assignment Status 2020-21

MPSE 006 PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES Solved Assignment 2021-22: Those students who had successfully submitted their Assignments to their allocated study centres can now check their Assignment Status. Alongside assignment status, they will also checkout their assignment marks & result. All this is often available in a web mode. After submitting the assignment, you'll check you IGNOU Assignment Status only after 3-4 weeks. it'd take 40 days to declare.

Here the scholars can check their IGNOU Assignment Status 2020, marks, result or both the sessions i.e; June & December.

MPSE 006 Solved Assignment 2021-22 Once the TEE assignments are submitted to the Centres, it's send to the evaluation department. After which the evaluation of IGNOU Assignment Solutions takes place.

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