Wednesday, March 6, 2019

American Revolution for UGC NET


American Revolution
American Revolution, You must know that Christopher Columbus discovered the US. After discovering America, the wealthy people of Europe started sharing the US. Spain, Portugal, Holland, France and England have their settlements there. There were 13 colonies of the British in America. The British who lived in the colonies were freedom-lovers. They were able to leave the motherland and go to the colonies to protect their freedom. But when George III (George III of the United Kingdom) wanted to rule over its colonial rule, freedom-loving colonizers rebelled. Today, we will read about the American Revolution in the subject and will learn about the causes and causes of the war in Hindi.


In any country, the seeds of revolution are hidden in the social, economic, political and religious stage, which erupts after getting favorable conditions.
The American Revolution first introduced this example that it is difficult to crush the awakened national sentiment ... remember what we had read in the 1857 IndianRevolution? American Revolution gave the opportunity to increase capitalism. America became the first country to end the hereditary monarchy and establish democracy.
The struggle between the American colonies and the England was compulsory. The reason behind this was that there was so much difference in their political, economic, social and religious life that they could not have a good relationship with them for more days. If we talk about the causes of American Revolution in America, then in short, we can keep these reasons as follows:

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION'S CAUSES

I) Religious Differences
Diversity in the religious view of colonizers and British was an important reason for the revolution. Most of the inhabitants of England were inclined towards Anglicanism (what is Anglicanism, check WIKI) .... They believed in the bishop and the dominion of religion, the colonists Puranan were opinionated. They used to hate Anglican vote. The bishops were opposed to the law and the possession of religion. Due to religious differences, the colonialists did not want to have any kind of relationship with England.

II) Social Differences
America's social structure was different from the social structure of the Netherlands. The society in England was feudal, whereas America's society was democratic. England's society was conservative and artificial, whereas America's society was fundamental and idealistic. There can never be a coordination in a conservative and progressive society. The influence of the rich on British politics was. There was no place for the poor in English politics. The American society did not have the feeling of rich-poor.



III) Unsatisfactory Governance
The colonists settled in the colonies had also come with England's beliefs and institutions. The governance of the colonies was unsatisfactory. There was constant struggle between the executive and the manager. The governor of the colony was appointed King of England. The Governor had the privilege. The administrative council could also control the Governor's salary by stopping it. The colonists considered the administrative seat as an all-powerful institution, but the British government considered it a subordinate and a local body. Consequently, the conflict in both of them was natural.
The Industrial Revolution
The colonists were deprived of political rights. The British rulers thought that the colonists did not have the ability to rule. That is why the British was appointed in large positions only. The British government was dissatisfied with this policy.

IV) Ethnic Equality
The English blood was flowing in the colonies' arteries too. He was also a priest of freedom and independence like the British and wanted to break the chain of slavery. It was disrespectful to the colonists to be governed by their own people.



V) Colonists Look Towards Britain
The persecuted Catholics and Protestants of England settled in the colonies. They wanted to breathe independence there. But when the government of England made the colonies even as the arena of tyranny and injustice, they rebelled.

VI) The Development of the Spirit of Autonomous Rule
Because of America's geographical position, the Government of England was not interested in the colonies. Due to lack of distance and means of transport, the government of England was unable to control the colonies. That's why the colonists came to search for solutions to the problems of the government and found themselves self-governing. In the democratic tradition of England, the Yellow Colonizers wanted to use the qualities of responsible governance.

VII) Leaders of the Intellectual Class
Leadership of the Jankranti is always the intellectual class. The colonists got the slogan of the struggle with the British. Philosophers like John Locke, Rousseau, Walter, Montescu were influenced by the colonists. Authors such as Thomas Penn, James Orris raised a voice against the king's divine authority, and this also made people aware.



VIII) Trade and Industrial Restrictions
In the American Revolution, There were several types of restrictions on the commerce of the colonies. They could not have a business rivalry with England and could have had a business relationship with England's enemies. Import-export of goods was also banned. Import and export of commodities between the British colonies and the colonies and other European countries was done by the British ships. There were also some business laws. 
The French Revolution
Certain items could be sent only to England, cotton, sugar and tobacco. The ban on production of goods was also banned. The industries of essential commodities, such as colonized iron, cotton cloth, could not separate themselves here. Due to industrial and commercial sanctions, there was no industrial and commercial progress in the colonies. The colonists were very dissatisfied with this and they wanted to break the matriarchal ladder.

IX) Results of the Hundred Wars
As a result of this war, colonizers have developed a sense of self-confidence. American soldiers, in collaboration with British soldiers, fought France in the war. They believed that they could fight well with the British. Due to the improvement in economic conditions and the development of education, the middle class was born in the colonies, which started trying for political independence. People of this class became the forerunners of the American Revolution.



X) Immediate Reason
The American Revolution's improvised Grainville were some of the objectionable works. As a result of the Saptari War, economic crisis was created. Farmers and laborers wanted to go beyond their limits and populate the land of tribals, but Grainville banned it. Granville strictly implemented the Navigation Act. Admiralty court was established to investigate the cases of thieves. Make Molasses Act in 1733 AD -. a British law that imposed a tax on molasses, sugar, and rum imported from non-British foreign colonies in the North American colonies. Grainville showed strictly in the collection of collections. British employees were deployed at the ports and the house of taxpayers was searched. A Stamp Act was created in 1765. It was now mandatory to issue government tickets on newspapers, legal papers, mortgage related documents and advertisements. Due to this law, the despatches of colonists, advertisers, lawyers, businessmen suffered heavy losses. Due to protests from the colonists, the Stamp Act was closed in 1766 AD. But it was made clear that the British government had the right to tax the colonies.


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